A product’s ‘eco-balance’ is based on an analysis of: its durability and whether its production;
- Uses primary energy carriers, such as mineral oil and gas;
- Depletes scarce raw materials;
- Has fertilization effects;
- Leads to acidification;
- Damages the ozone layer;
- Contributes to global warming;
- Produces waste products.
According to MIT’s center for transportation and logistics: Environmental regulations are changing the way supply chains are designed and managed. The problem is that the sheer number of regulations, other influences such as changing consumer sentiment, and the complexity of global trade, makes it difficult for companies to decide exactly how they should respond to these pressures.